Saturday, May 23, 2020
Growing up in a wartime environment affects the identities, confidence and adolescence process for many people. In the books, The Diary of A Young Girl, Farewell to Manzanar, and Night, World War II accelerates AnneÃ¢â¬â¢s, JeanneÃ¢â¬â¢s and ElieÃ¢â¬â¢s precious maturity and coming of age process. World War II, the Nazis and their identity of being Jewish forces Anne and Elie to grow up and mature much sooner than expected. For Jeanne Wakatsuki, World War II have a negative impact on JeanneÃ¢â¬â¢s confidence and she starts to lose respect towards her Japanese heritage. All three of them are struggling to find out who they truly are. Anne Frank, Jeanne Wakatsuki and Elie Wiesel all are greatly affected by the war, but in different milieus and inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Instead, she tries the Ã¢â¬Å"American activitiesÃ¢â¬ such as baton twirling, aspiring to be accepted. Jeanne rather be an American, a race that everyone in America accepts. Ã¢â¬Å"I still had a Japanese father to frighten my boyfriends and a Japanese face to thwart my social goals.Ã¢â¬ (89)To Jeanne, Japanese, is not just a race that put her in prison but something that also hinders her from the goals that she always wanted to achieve. She wants to be accepted and live like any normal American. Jeanne doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be someone that everyone likes, but no one, especially Jeanne, wants to be outlawed. Through her adolescence, Jeanne is ashamed of being Japanese. At JeanneÃ¢â¬â¢s award dinner/ ceremony, her father mortify her, by creating a perceptible array between her and the other families. Ã¢â¬Å"He was unforgivably a foreigner then, foreign to them, foreign to me, foreign to everyone, foreign to everyone but Mama, who sat next to him smiling, with pleased modesty. Twelve years old at the time, I wanted to scream. I wanted to slide out of sign under the table and dissolve.Ã¢â¬ (168) Jeanne wants to be out of sight because she is so humiliated by PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s traditional Japanese bow. Despite the fact that Jeanne hates being Japanese, she confesses that she Ã¢â¬Å"had nearly outgrown the shame and the guilt and the sense of unworthiness.Ã¢â¬ (195) Before, she aspires to be accepted, but she later figures out that not everyone will accept one another. Jeanne wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t ableShow MoreRelatedMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1198 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesis what drove her to become a nurse. Florence did the majority of time as a nurse working during wartime. She was known as Ã¢â¬Å"Lady in ChiefÃ¢â¬ because it was her prerogative to take great care of the soldiers by sending their wages back home to their families. Florence also saw the need cleanliness and better hygiene, so she started rebuilding and reforming hospitals. By creating better working environments, it cut the death rate tremendously. To me, the nursing field requires a lot of hard work, dedicationRead MoreThe Internet Revolutionized World Wide Capabilities1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageschange in socie ty, by connecting people anywhere on the globe and giving them access to information. It has also fueled industries, making significant changes in industries all over the world, and allowing new industries to emerge into the digital age. People and the internet have grown together, resulting in a world like the one we live in today, but it was not always this way. It is impossible to argue that a single point in time shows the origin of the internet, as it is made of deep complexitiesRead MoreThe Developmental Process Of Adolescence1674 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto be 12 Ã¢â¬Å"laborsÃ¢â¬ in this coming of age experience. Among these are forming a family of friends, separating from childhood, and paying freedomÃ¢â¬â¢s price. Growing up in a wartime environment affects the change in adolescents in near drastic measures. You can see these effects with 3 young adults, Ellie Wiessel (author of Night,) Anne Frank (author of The Diary of Anne Frank), and Jeanne Wakutsuki (partial author of Farewell to Manzanar), that complicate their coming of age story. This is due to theRead MoreIrony, Allusion, Metaphor, Personification, Alliteration, And Comic Relief1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDescribe the setting of this novel. The boys are stranded on an unoccupied island. It seems as though it is somewhere in the Pacific in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s. It is an unknown environment which is very peculiar. As young boys, they expressed a great amount of enthusiasm once they arrived. After this initial feeling, the reality of the absence of adult supervision came to their realization, and the threat of the real world set in. This island possesses several jungle characteristics such as dense undergrowthRead MoreThe Arms Race and How it Changed the United States of America1415 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbut also its immediate impacts on the US economy, society, foreign policy, environment, and technological development, as well as its long-term impact on US international security, policy, power, and arms sales. To realize the impact of the arms race today, it is important to first understand the causes of the arms race. The Cold war began shortly after WWII, lasting from 1945-1991 (Rudolph 1). It began when the wartime alliance of the United States and Soviet Union fell apart due the absence ofRead MoreEleanor Roosevelt : An Influential First Lady1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Eleanor then moved to England where she attended a private school, there she had a feminist teacher, Marie Souvestre who taught and encouraged the learning in independent thinking in young women. At age 17, Eleanor returned back home in 1902 where she was presented in a debutante ball (her Ã¢â¬Å"coming-outÃ¢â¬ party that established when a women was presented as ready to be married). While attending a party at the White House that her Uncle hosted, she met her fifth cousin, Franklin Roosevelt to whom sheRead MoreEssay on The Hiroshima Bombing1389 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Hiroshima Bombing Fifty four years ago, the detonation of the first atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima (and later on Nagasaki) ushered to the Nuclear Age. It was a moment full of horror, in which the eyes of the whole world were opened to the unimaginable possibility of nuclear holocaust. The experience on what happened to those cities and what is still happening to many of the survivors there, leads to explore what happened to America as a consequence of Hiroshima; bothRead MorePaper On Sexual Assault1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand the Department of the Air Force oversees the Air Force. The fifth and final branch of the military is the Coast Guard, which is overseen by the Department of Homeland Security, but control could be relayed to the Department of the Navy during wartime. According to the DOD, in January 2013, there were 1,429,995 members of the armed forces combined. There are several classifications of positions held in the military. Ã¢â¬Å"Active dutyÃ¢â¬ refers to a servic e person who works full time or is in full-timeRead More`` Design Is For Living ``1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand 1950s. It revolutionized the form by creating an electrifying visual language that signaled a new age and a fresh start- two of the powerhouses were Charles and Ray Eames. The Eameses were a husband and wife team whose unique synergy led to a whole new expression in furniture and architecture. The couple advocated the principles of Modernism through the adaptation of innovaÃ ¬tion from wartime technology .Their design style can be branded as Ã¢â¬Å"California Modernism,Ã¢â¬ a term that is often used interchangeablyRead MoreEssay on Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Writings and Wartime Experiences2405 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesHemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Writings and Wartime Experiences Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Oak Park, Illinois greatly influenced the writing world on July 12,1899.Ã For on that day Grace Hemingway, the wife of Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, gave forth to the writing world a baby boy by the name of Ernest Miller Hemingway (Young 82). He would, later in his life, compose the most powerful literary impact upon the new generation of American writers with his plain, factual, but evocative style (Morris 863).Ã No one in America would ever
Monday, May 18, 2020
The Weight of War Ã¢â¬Å"War is Hell!Ã¢â¬ These three words have stood the test of time and numerous wars. These words uttered by General William Sherman, a unionist Civil War Veteran, perfectly describe the hardships faced by all soldiers, from the American Revolutionist to the modern day soldier in Afghanistan. Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien served in the Vietnam Conflict from 1968 to 1970, (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien 1131) during some of the most intense fighting known as the Tet Offensive (Durkin). During the conflict 58,202 Americans were killed in action (Durkin) and hundreds of thousands, more were left with not only the physical scars of war but the emotional ones too. In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They Carried,Ã¢â¬ Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien uses symbolism and conflict to show that soldiers often carry more weight than what is on their backs. Each item we carry in our pockets and backpacks is symbolic to our personal beliefs, values, and attitudes. Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien gives readers a look into each soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs, values, and attitudes by sharing what they were carrying with them. These items are symbols and give themselves more meaning than the item itself. (Madden 68). Most of the equipment the men were carrying were mission dependent and are things you would expect a soldier to carry; itÃ¢â¬â¢s the extra personal items they carry that really tell the readers about who that person really is. Jimmy cross carries 2 pictures of Martha, Henry Dobbins has pantyhose around his neck, Ted lavender carries marijuana and tranquilizers, Kiowa anShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Movie The Things They Carried 1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Actual War Scenario - Vietnam War The Things They Carried, is a novel based on the Vietnam War, and the book reveals the truth of the war as the author remembers the war after twenty one years and snows his guilt and emotions for the war. The Things They Carried, belongs high on the list of the best fiction about any war... crystallizes the Vietnam experiences for everyone and exposes the nature of all war stories.( New York Times, Book of the Century). Tim O Brien, the authorRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien1004 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien is a veteran from of the Vietnam War, and after coming home from his duty he decided to be a writer. His work Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They CarriedÃ¢â¬ is about a group of soldiers that are fighting in the Vietnam War. The first part of the story talks mostly about physical items that each soldier carries, and also mentions the weight of the items as well. Though, there is one exception to the list of physical things. Lieutenant Cross is a character of the story, and Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢ Brien quickly states theRead More OBrien and Fossie in The Things They Carried Essay862 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Things They Carried, both Tim O?Brien and Mark Fossie experience a significant amount of personal maturation by gaining new knowledge about themselves, the Vietnam War, and the world around them. There are very few times when a person goes through an experience that changes the way he or she thinks about themselves. Drastic things like war, deaths, and tragic incidents can change a person?s life and shape the way they live. In ?The Man I Killed,? Tim O?Brien describes his life changing eventRead MoreThe Man I Killed By Tim O Brien992 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWar is known to be complex and confusing. It is also known to be completely chaotic and unpredictable. This is made clear in the short story The Man I Killed taken from Tim O Brien s war novel The Things They Carried. Set during the Vietnam war, American Soldier Tim O Brien is strongly affected by an unpredictable event. In The Man I Killed we consider how O Brien was heavily affected and shocked after killing a young Vietnamese soldier and the randomness of killing in war. We also take a lookRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien1407 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesin Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They Carried,Ã¢â¬ author Tim OÃ¢â ¬â¢Brien tells us not directly of the soldiers of Vietnam, or the situations they find themselves in, but about the things they carry on their shoulders and in their pockets. These Ã¢â¬Å"thingsÃ¢â¬ identify the characters and bring them to life.Ã I find that to be true as the author unfolds the stories about war and the uncommon things one carries in to war both inadvertently and on purpose.Ã Ã Ã As it was noted: Stories about war Ã¢â¬â especially today Ã¢â¬â usually emphasizeRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien1459 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, the Vietnam War turned to be the modern pinnacle for battles resulting in the deaths of 58,000 American soldiers and millions of Vietnamese death. It saw the viable destruction of modern technology such as the newly fashioned M-16 rifle and the Apache, a helicopter made for mass destruction. For the soldiers experiencing Vietnam, it was truly an experience which would shape their hearts and minds for ever. As evidenced in Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢ BrienÃ¢â¬â¢s The Things They Carried, The Vietnam War was an emotionalRead MoreReaction to The Things They Carried by Tim OBrien1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In The Things They Carried, Tim O Brien uses a variety of stories to explain the life experiences that he and many of his fellow soldiers endured during a single year in Vietnam. He tells these stories in a way that we can connect to these experiences. We never spent time in Vietnam, but O Brien wants us to feel like we were there. O Brien uses what he calls story-truth to write these stories. The outcome or the people may be different but the feeling is real; that s the truth in the storyRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien Essay832 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinside, maintaining the masks of composureÃ¢â¬ (21). In Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢brienÃ¢â¬â¢s The Things They Carried, the American soldiers of the Vietnam War carry much more than the weight of their equipment, much more than souvenir s or good-luck charms or letters from home. They carried within themselves the intransitive burdensÃ¢â¬âof fear, of cowardice, of love, of loneliness, of anger, of confusion. Most of all, they carry the truth of what happened to them in the warÃ¢â¬âa truth that only those who fought in the jungles andRead MoreEssay On The Things They Carried1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFor the seventeen Soldiers portrayed in Ã¢â¬Å"The Things We CarriedÃ¢â¬ by Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, the physical pain was very minimal weight to carry compared to the emotional scars that they will carry throughout their entire life. This story does an amazing job portraying full human emotion that anyone put into a situation would feel, such as heavy guilt, sadness, anger, lack of motivation, perseverance, horror, and false security. All of these are notorious feelings that every soldier back in history, and now stillRead MoreAnalysis Of Tim O Brien s The Things They Carried Essay1574 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesopposi ng parties. Today we re debating whether or not to ban Ã¢â¬Å"Tim O Brien s novel The Things They Carried. In this book author Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien depicts the Vietnam conflict by distinguishing between the role of whether or not to be a civilian or a soldier. Though the book is fictional, Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien portrays himself as a man who struggles with himself inside and his choice of wanting to join the army or turn tail and run to Canada. Tim O Brien has won the national book award, the james fenimore cooper
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Fashion Observation Analysis 1. Go to a public place and OBSERVE the community of people in that place for at least 30 minutes; perhaps as long as 60 minutes. In your report, describe the setting and note the date and time of your observation. Describe the element of Ã¢â¬Å"communityÃ¢â¬ that you observed. The public place, in which I chose to observe fashion, was a community fall festival. This festival occurs once a year and brings people from several communities. I arrived at the festival in early afternoon, around 12:30 pm. The festival was just starting to get crowded. At this time there were mostly families with children present. I observed numerous families with babies in strollers. There were at least twenty Ã¢â¬Å"vendorÃ¢â¬ boothsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The women were dressed casually and many of them were wearing knee high boots over their jeans, which is a popular fashion right now with women from teens to middle age. The men were dressed in jeans, tennis shoes, and t-shirts de picting their favorite sports team. Based on the name brands and style of clothing that I was viewing, I would say that the majority of the people present at this festival were members of the middle to upper middle socioeconomic class. Moving on a little further with that analysis, I would also say that many of the patrons were also college educated. I draw this conclusion from the fact that they appear to be well dressed and wearing name brand clothing. Name brand clothing is not inexpensive and would normally be purchased by someone who makes a good wage. In the current economic time, in which we live, it almost impossible to achieve a good wage without a college education. B. The folkways, customs, mores, and laws that you observed in the community member behaviors and interactions. Our current lesson tells us that folkways are expected behaviors and/or attire but that they are not usually required of the individuals/community at question. Some of the folkways that I observed were that the men and women were dressed appropriately for their age, gender, and the weather. In addition to this, babies were dressed appropriately for their genderShow MoreRelatedFashion Analysis : Fashion Week1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe Olympics, there are always things that can bring people together. Fashion Week is one of them. Fashion Week brings artists, designers, and audiences from across the world together in the name of art. However, the importance of Fashion Week cannot be expressed without first discussing its history. Fashion Week allows fashion designers to display their designs to a worldwide audience (Fortini para. 10). Basically, Fashion Week is a time during which the industryÃ¢â¬â¢s most prestigious designersRead MoreSociolotical Analysis of Fashion Essay example1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesworld of fashion. London Fashion Week which is viewed as an essential event on the British calendar successfully examines BourdieuÃ¢â¬â¢s concepts of habitus, capital and fields within the field of fashion. There are various rules and limitation which are set for those entering the boundaries of the fashion show and only key people who are members within the field are allowed to have access to this event which are the various designers, models, journalists and celebrities. In the field of fashion socialRead MoreAnalysis Of Gilles Lipovetsky s The Empire Of Fashion Essay1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Empire of Fashion, he describes the effect of Fashion on the practice of democracy in Western Europe. According to Lipovetsky, Ã¢â¬Å"Fashion unlike tradition requires free individual intervention, a singular and capricious power to disrupt the order of the appearances.Ã¢â¬ Essentially, Fashion and Haute couture have led to the support of democratic values; it is fashion that encouraged individuals to believe in self-expression. Lipovetsky establishes his arguments on the history of fashion and its symbolRead MoreAnalysis of the Fashion Industry1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFashion is one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most important creative industries. It has provided economic thought with a canonical example in theorizing about consumption and conformity. Social thinkers have long treated fashion as a window upon social class and social change. Cultural theorists have focused on fashion to reflect on symbolic meaning and social ideals. Fashion has also been seen to embody representative characteristics of modernity, and even of culture itself. Everyone wears clothing and inevitablyRead MoreFashion Channel Case Analysis1617 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFashion Channel Case Analysis Wenwen Gao (872236636) 2010.07.07 Introduction and Problem Definition As the only network dedicated solely to fashion, The Fashion ChannelÃ¢â¬â¢s (TFC) consistent Ã¢â¬Å"Fashion for everyoneÃ¢â¬ strategy is facing challenges by the other two competitors Lifetime and CNN, which are separately targeting young females and men by their fashion-related programming. The channel needs to target the right viewers and offer advertisers an attractive mix of viewers, consequently strengtheningRead MoreSwot Analysis : Fashion Industry5265 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagesmarket in fashion industry and based on the findings, a business idea is generated as well as a business plan is completed for the brand karishmanath, which is founded by the Karishma Nath. This research study concentrates on the process of formulating the business idea rather than implementing the business plan, even though the business plan is an essential part of the study. When dealing with theoretical framework, to better analyze the fashion industry, theories such as PESTEL Analysis and PorterÃ¢â ¬â¢sRead MoreAnalysis Of The Fashion Industry In Italy5138 Words Ã |Ã 21 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Running Head: Fashion Industry in Italy Fashion Industry in Italy [Writers Name] [Institutes Name] Table of contents Executive summaryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.3 Introduction to ItalyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦3 Geography of ItalyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..4 Demographics of ItalyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦4 Natural resources of ItalyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...7 Economic sector and trade statisticsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...7 Exports to other countries their competitors of the exportingRead MoreThe Clothing And Fashion Industry774 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesConsumers in the Fashion Industry The topic I chose to write about was the clothing and fashion industry. Clothing is something that everyone in modern society needs, and something that a few consumers care very much about. The number one thing clothing is used for, besides covering and protecting our bodies, is to express our personalities, socioeconomic status, and how we feel on a given day. Because the the demographic for people who buy clothes is so large, it has a lot of variation. PeopleRead MoreHM Pricing and Retail Strategy1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesopened in Vaesteras, Sweden in 1947. The mission of HM is to offer fashion and quality at the best price where Ã¢â¬Å"quality includes ensuring that products are manufactured in a way that is environmentally and socially sustainableÃ¢â¬ (HM, vision policy, n.d., para. 1). This essay is to highlight the current market analysis, pricing strategy, retail strategy, and competitive advantage analysis of the company. Current Market Analysis HM is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s second largest retailer, only behind its main rivalRead MoreThe Effects Of Fast Fashion On The World1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Effects of Fast Fashion on the World This papers purpose is to teach fashion heavy consumers on the real price of fast fashion and how buying it affects the environment. This type of audience can be anyone who partakes in the buying of well-known cheap retail stores that have a large audience of being fast and obtainable. These consumers should have the information on how fast fashion effects are environment so it could possibly alter their buying habits to be eco-friendlier but buying either
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
It is not a common sentiment to hear Milton Friedman described as left of center in political spheres. Certainly, FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s landmark essay The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Profits in the New York Times magazine was filled with many assertions that placed him as a bulwark for a growing conservative movement who felt a vindication for the free market mechanism and skepticism for the role of government. However, while reading Friedman muse over the social responsibilities of businesses, one cannot help but notice the emergence of a deeper philosophical thought that aligns much more closely with the liberal views of yesteryear and today. The crux of the issue that Friedman tries to dissect is whether businesses actingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦On the issue of inflation, it is the experts at the Federal Reserve who have the capability and capacity to deal with the problem. On determining education metrics and quality, the Department of Education holds the greatest assets in assessing and distributing resources to tackle the issue, even though now the Department receives much criticism grounded in the belief that it is not capable of such a task. Even Friedman begrudges labor unions his approval for their devotion to the issues that they are Ã¢â¬ËexpertsÃ¢â¬â¢ at. FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s argument effectively legitimizes many of the branches and functions of the government, and indeed many of the bastions of the progressive liberal movement, all of which Friedman has ironically often denounced. That there are compatible aspects even to FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s perspectives on corporate social responsibility and more liberal views not only highlights how the role of social responsibility falls upon various players who cannot shirk their duty, but also illuminates a certain shallowness for the conclusions drawn upon FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s arguments. One may extract from FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s arguments that the value of a firm is limited only to the profits and financial health of the firm, when upon closer inspection there are more complex social functions which the business is involved in that need to be considered. On a final note, FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s ethical stance is that he has,Show MoreRelatedEthical And Legal Importance Of Social Responsibility1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages(1575)An Analysis of the Ethical and Legal Importance of Social Responsibility in Corporate Culture This business study will analyze the ethical and legal importance of social responsibility in corporate culture. Friedman (1970) defines the dangers of Ã¢â¬Ësocial responsibilityÃ¢â¬ as a threat to the individualism and profit motives of corporate executives that must serve the corporation before the larger society. More so, Friedman argues that the corporation is an Ã¢â¬Å"artificial personÃ¢â¬ that relies onRead MoreImportance Of Corporate Social Responsibility On Todays Society1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesImportance of Corporate Social Responsibility in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society Before five years, I came across a situation which led me to think about the importance and need of social responsibility by business enterprises. To start off giving a brief background, my brother was a fresh graduate from the school of architecture where he got his first individual contract in India. He had to design a mall that was planned to kick start after few years. The land where it was being constructed belonged to an oldRead MoreThe Shareholder Approach For Managerial Responsibility Essay1403 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmanagerial responsibility was highlighted in Milton FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s New York Times article Ã¢â¬Å"The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase ProfitsÃ¢â¬ . In essence, that article states that the responsibility of a manager is solely to the shareholders; he or she must follow the shareholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ interests as long as it stays within legal and certain social parameters. In this essay, I will further explain FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s arguments, address mai n counterpoints, and ultimately argue that FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s conclusion isRead MoreThe Social Responsibility Of Business1463 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn his paper titled The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Its ProfitsÃ¢â¬ , Milton Friedman addresses the key issue of weighing social responsibility against profit maximization for shareholders. This conflict is the basis for FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s whole paper, as he explores the two sides of the situation. In order to set up his argument, Friedman lays down a framework by explicitly stating a certain premise. This is that businessman view Ã¢â¬Å"social responsibilityÃ¢â¬ and profit as not being mutuallyRead MoreImportance Of Corporate Social Responsibility On Todays Society1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJait Shukla ENG W 131 Essay 2 Importance of Corporate Social Responsibility in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Society Before five years, I came across a situation which led me to think about the importance and need of social responsibility by business enterprises. To start off giving a brief background, my brother was a fresh graduate from the school of architecture where he got his first individual contract in India. He had to design a mall that was planned to kick start after a few years. The land where it was beingRead MoreThe Ford Pinto Case Analysis1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe overall concept of the Ã¢â¬Å"invisible handÃ¢â¬ remained relevant in principle, however, the application of the principle can change according to current economic and political conditions. Before examining the theories and ideas in FriedmanÃ¢â¬â¢s essay, Ã¢â¬Å"The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its ProfitsÃ¢â¬ and how these relate to this case, I believe it is important to understand the economic conditions at the time of its submission to the New York Times. From the mid-forties through the sixtiesRead MoreEssay about Welch Case Study1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCase This particular case discusses whether General Electric fulfilled its Corporate Social Responsibility under the leadership of Jack Welsh or if it just met basic obligations. It also displays the evolving idea of social responsibility in a corporation by contrasting the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s actions during WelshÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership and after Welsh retired. It is shown that Welsh had a classical economic view of social responsibility. General Electric followed a traditional business model while Welsh was workingRead MoreApple And Corporate Social Responsibility1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages20501210 PHIL215 ASSIGNMENT 2 November 26, 2014 1900 words Apple and Corporate Social Responsibility As an evolving technology company, Apple is one of the most successful companies in history. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, we cannot live without Apple products such as the Pad or IPhone. Apple s success has come at a high cost with regards to safety to the workers of Foxconn, a supplier which makes products for Apple and plenty of other tech giants. As a result, some workers have committed suicideRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility : Csr923 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCorporate Social Responsibility Introduction Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is part of the reality of doing business. CSR is also known as corporate science, corporate citizenship or responsible business. CSR is important for both business as well as society. CSR is all about how a company is able to show and manage its positive impact on the society. CSR is able to earn its own name in the world of business. The importance and significance of Corporate Social Responsibility is increasingRead MoreViews on Corporate Social Responsibilities2056 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBenn (2003) conceive corporations as channels of social purpose, constructed within society to attain useful social objectives. Henceforth, corporate social responsibility commits a significant role towards the sustainability of corporations. Both corporate social responsibilities and sustainability, and its related concepts influence all aspects of business. Chandler and Werther (2010) acknowledge the understanding of corporate social responsibilities as an aim to define the future of our society
Management Fraud Angela Battle Aiu Online Outline Types of Fraud Stealing Money, Computers, Inventory Trips on business expense Finding a business trip idea by traveling close to family Paying bills for personal accounts with business account Normally this would be a bookkeeper Reimbursements Turning in receipts for personal use and claiming it was a business expense. Why Does It Occur One bad habit leading to another Once fraud is committed once, they will attempt is a second time. Employee trying to borrow from the company without legitimate paperwork. We will write a custom essay sample on Management Fraud or any similar topic only for you Order Now Embezzlement often is a way of life for some people. Loss of time or money from job Impact of Fraud Fraud is not unusual Most companies will have to deal with some sort of fraud at some time or another Financial Loss The money or items that have been taken is a loss for the company. Cost of the Investigation It takes time and money to investigate any case and to hold litigations. Reputation The reputation of the company could be in danger if the fraud is against something like Medicare or a government official. Could lead to a shut down and negative publicity Damaged Morale Damaged relationships with employees and co-businesses Loss of Employees Protecting Against Fraud Have the right attitude DonÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that most employees wonÃ¢â¬â¢t steal Ã¢â¬Å"We have auditors that will catch itÃ¢â¬ Hire Smart Know as much as possible about every employee before hiring. Employee Knowledge Allow employees to know that they could be audited and that the company is watching. Internal Controls Audit periodically External Controls Do external audits if something looks incorrect. Mr. Wellington should say: Fraud can and has hurt many companies over the years. One type of fraud is management fraud that has been found. There are many ways that fraud can happen, and it normally starts off with something small. This could be anything from money to computers to inventory that all belongs to the company. This company knows what to look for and will be explained to each one of you, so that you will know what steps to take and what we are protecting. There are several ways that this hurts the company. First of all, the merchandise or expenses have been spent, so that is money out the window. Second of all, the money that it takes to investigate these types of problems. This can ruin the reputation of the company which could lead to a company wide shut down. This would create job loss for everyone at the company, especially if it is a government fraud. If it does not shut the company down, it could create doubt in many of the good employees and they would quit. Some companies have the wrong attitude when it comes to fraud. They will make statements like Ã¢â¬Å"Most employees will not stealÃ¢â¬ (Lang, A. 2001). Unfortunately, under the right circumstances, if they are under enough pressure and they think that it is justified, the vast majority of employees will steal. John J. Hall, a well-known fraud expert, estimates that 95 percent of employees will commit fraud given the right circumstancesÃ¢â¬ (Lang, A. 2001). It is important for the companies to stay on track and not to put anything past anyone. Ways to reduce this risk is to create internal audits periodically. If anything suspicious comes up, then bring in external auditors that will have no relationships with the employees. Setup boundaries for the employees so that they can only get onto approved parts of the systems. Make sure every employee has an up to date copy of the company hand book that will state the consequences of fraud. Things that I feel strongly that should be included: Management should always be looking at what their employees are doing while at work. This should be maintained at all times. The management should know when to audit and when to reach for outside support. Maintaining the integrity of the company is the main objective to create job security for all the employees. The employees need to know what the procedures that is in place and know what will happen to them if they commit fraud. They should be automatically terminated and prosecuted. There is a zero tolerance for fraud for anyone at the company, from the CEO down to the regular worker. The management team has to be audited as well because they have all access to business fund, such as credit cards and specialized accounts. They have been known to turn in receipt for reimbursements that were for personal pleasures. They are known to order laptops stating that it is for business purposes and it not to be. My favorite statement that I have found for this matter is Ã¢â¬Å"Unfortunately, under the right circumstances, if they are under enough pressure and they think that it is justified, the vast majority of employees will steal. John J. Hall, a well-known fraud expert, estimates that 95 percent of employees will commit fraud given the right circumstancesÃ¢â¬ (Lang, A. 2001). This is how most employees feel when they are caught or while committing the crime. References Lang, A Ricciardella, T (2001) Retrieved November 26, 2012 from: http://www. boardsource. org/dl. asp? document_id=19 How to cite Management Fraud, Essay examples
Question: Describe about the Decision Making For Supply Chain Integration? Answer: Introduction Tesco Plc is a well known brand from UK in the retail industry. This is headquartered in Hertfordshire, England. It was founded in the year 1919 and since then it has always been setting new success benchmarks for itself. It occupies good amount of market share in the UK supermarket industry. According to a survey Tesco occupied 28.5% market share for the 12 weeks ending 31st Jan 2015 followed by Asda at 16.2% and Sainsbury at 16.8% (Statista.com, 2016). Tesco is the appropriate company to analyse for the use of TQM tools. It has managed to achieve success in all six parameters and role of TQM which are increased market share, increased sales volume, increased productivity, economies of scale, improved brand image and increase profits (Omacgonu Ross, 2007) . The essay analyses various tools that are used by the supermarket giant to ensure quality and profitability at all levels of business processes. They have been able to sustain their position by ensuring cost leadership, brand equity and super aggressive promotion strategies (Kaifi and Scott, 2012). TQM and TESCO Plc The main aspects of Tesco operations are sourcing, warehousing, retailing and deliveries. The supply chain department that handles sourcing, follows lean management and also use latest technology to keep a track of the stock. Lean Management helps it to reduce the cost of warehousing and also can save them from the cost of wastage as they also deal in perishable items. For the deliveries Tesco uses primary distribution so that they can maximise on delivery speed and reduce on expenses incurred (Zhao, 2014). Tesco has strong Supply chain checks and the suppliers are selected very carefully so that quality of products is not compromised. They have introduced four checks like chemical and microbiological testing, authenticity testing, contaminants testing and quality testing. Audit Programmes are conducted on a regular basis to ensure temperature of the stores are kept at optimum levels. Cleanliness, hygiene, pest control all are done rigorously so that product quality is not compromised anywhere (tescoplc.com,2014). Use of RFID technology also helps the company to track the products though barcodes and thus reduce the lead times that are associated with the products. They also use point of sale data so that they can obtain real time information. So the company can plan replenishment system effectively. So it can easily be said that Tesco is using Pull system for supply chain management and are not using Push at all. Cross docking is another facility that is being used by Tesco to ensure quality. Customer management is an integral part of total quality management. Tesco ensure customer value delivery at each and every point by providing best services, products and information. As an important quality measure, Tesco uses flexibility as a major performance objective (Hitt, Ireland Hoskisson, 2013). Critique of the TQM In the contemporary business environment, the companies are not more confined to any boundaries. All of them have reach to the consumers all across the world. To address the increasing competition according to the suggestion of Zhao (2014), the companies who are operating in the retail industry must develop in improving their operation capability in order to sustain in the market. At the same time they need to keep adapting to the changes in consumer needs and adjust the offerings accordingly. Tesco always adopts consumer centric strategies and in order to be one step ahead of its consumers they need to ensure operational competitiveness. The TQM Model does not focus on only quality improvement but it is highly customer focused and at the same time can be looked upon as continuous improvement programme (John, 2004). It can be described as below. (Source: From the lecture notes) Quality has its own definition for the companies that are ISO 9001 certified. Apart from ensuring 100% customer satisfaction and zero defects the companies have to adopt to complete TQM principles. The TQM principles are as follows. (Source:Chandra, 2013) As per the model, the inputs and the suppliers are to be managed in such a way that happy customers and profitable output can be obtained. The main principles that are to be adopted are customer focus, employee involvement, process centred, integrated system, systematic approach, continuous development and effective communication. Any organisation cannot obtain good quality by just planning effective tools for quality checks. They have to ensure real time implementation of each and every tool. According to Nicoletti (2011), quality always provides competitive advantages to any organisation so this can also be considered as a strategic tool in any industry where competition is fierce. But the principles of TQM cannot be adopted unless a certain set of beliefs and values are incorporated amongst the internal stakeholders. According to Gharakani et al. (2013), the basic assumption of TQM principle is that the organisation culture supports changes and coordination and cooperation exists between the employees. There should be end to end communication and the importance of quality should be deeply rooted and understood by each and every employee. The fact that due to improved quality by the TQM tools, customer satisfaction would be enhanced, which would be reflected in the profitability and market share stands true for all industries. But the importance of TQM techniques for service industry when compared with manufacturing industry is a topic for debate since long. Quality is multidimensional and the term quality involves the entire process, policies and procedures that are established by the organisation to achieve its objectives and mission (Sadikoglu Olcay, 2014). The terms like lean management, JIT all appear relevant in manufacturing concerns but these things are equally important for service industry. Since cost maintenance is a key tool for all the organisations, quality appear relevant for all the cases. For service industry, quality can be measured only through word of mouth, while in manufacturing it is reflected in the final product. Thus it can easily be said total quality management is a multi dimensional tool and has to be planned and implemented strategically. Implementation and development of TQM This part of the essay discusses the TQM implementation in Tesco and what have been the reactions and outcomes in different business processes. Tesco is a retail chain and thus it has to ensure that it has wide varieties of option for the customers. According to a study conducted by Zairis (2014), it could be established that consumers while selecting convenience stores do tend to evaluate the number of varieties that are available in the store. But at the same time retail chains have to ensure cost effectiveness and thus they have to minimise on wastage and storage cost. Lean management and digitize sourcing would be the best possible strategy to adopt (Nicoletti, 2011). Tesco has implemented that and they have minimised on the lead times and cycle times. For this purpose they have to strategize the sourcing and align the sourcing to the processes. The following process depicts the lean sourcing strategy. (Source: Nicoletti, 2011). The process of lean sourcing that is followed by Tesco Plc has been depicted by the picture above. They need to strategise, verify, preliminare, analyse and design according to the needs of the consumers. The consumer demands are highly volatile and thus Tesco needs support of high profile technology to accommodate consumer demands while ensuring zero wastage in lead times (Jaca, Santos, Errasti Viles, 2012). The factors that are to be considered are intangibility, perishability, inseparability and vairiability. Tesco Plz deals with both products and services and thus all the above factors are to be taken into account (Laureani, 2012). With the help of primary distribution Tesco Plc has been able to maximise on speed of deliveries. They have hired and purchased their own fleet of trucks with the help of which they make their products reach the stores as well as the consumers on time. Since, they have their own distribution process; they also ensure that there is no wastage in the transfer of products. But as per research conducted by Zhao (2014), primary distribution provided Tesco with huge competitive advantage against their competitors but at the same time some they needed to work on the primary distribution process more effectively. The fleet of trucks that the company owned sometimes fell short of the required numbers which created chaos in the distribution and souring process. As a part of TQM, any of the delays could not be entertained at all as it resulted in a dissatisfaction in either an internal or an external customer (Fernie and Sparks, 2012). As per Yuen and Chan (2010), Consumer loyalty is one part that is very difficult to achieve in retail industry. But Tesco has been able to achieve high accolades on that by introducing frequent quality checks and ensuring that both tangible and intangible deliveries are done perfectly. RFID ensured product traceability, cost savings and process efficiency (Chan, Lettice Amoo,2012) . Tesco has been able to use RFID technology with all security checks which has an added advantage for the company supply chain management. Adoption of TQM has marked several changes in the system. This has helped the company to bridge some gap between the product deliveries and customer expectations. Before the system Before the company adopted some of the TQM principles, they were not able to integrate the business processes to final product delivery and match customer expectations. The demands in the retail industry are highly volatile and thus there is a need to make the right products reach the right place at the right time. Also being a supermarket retail chain, they have to deal with perishable items and thus wastage was also high. The company needed to keep a track of all the stock and match the demands of the consumers. The purpose was to be preplanned for the upcoming demand. Demand forecasting was to be done for which proper data and tools were not available with the company. Cost of distribution was high and the dependability on the external transport system was also high. They needed to streamline the process of supply chain management. Quality assurance was a huge issue for which the company had to introduce frequent quality checks. It needed resource both in terms of human support and in terms of technology. Apart from this, as the competition was high, they needed to create competitive advantage by delivering the services in unique ways. So the management at Tesco made quality the central objective of the business planning and started implementing required changes. Quality standards at each and every level were ensured by experts who included store management and interaction with the consumers. The company started to work for zero defects for which training plans were introduced. Implementation TQM was to be implemented from grass root level. The primary target was to align all the business processes and integrate them to the final output which was considered to be market share and consumer loyalty. For speed and cost effectiveness they introduced primary distribution process and acquired a fleet of trucks. They needed to create a separate department to manage the primary distribution which had to program the trucks depending upon the requirements of suppliers as well as consumers. This was an issue as in this case all the data related to demand and supply needed to be accessed. Also for high quality service there was a need to provide training to the staff who in turn could provide high quality services. Providing correct information to the consumers as well as maintaining data about their expectation was crucial for which the employee at the stores were to be trained. As the company was going to use lean management, any delay in the arrival of the stock could lead into cu stomer dissatisfaction. So nothing less than perfect was to be expected at each level. This was a continuous process and thus the term quality had to be combined with the daily routines of the staff. Quality check and new technology implementation was to be done which was again a tedious process and each step was to be taken in a planned way. The PDCA( Plan, do, check and act) cycle was to be put in the loop and was to be checked thoroughly each and every time (Sokovic, Pavletic Pipan, 2010). Development and potential future TQM was being implemented at TESCO and the management was always very sure about the success of the plan. But they needed support from the staff at each levels and for which the communication with the employees was to be done effectively. This was a challenge but had a bright future. While implementation of cross docking facility the company had to face many challenges which included ensuring quality of the sources products and delivery at the required place in a perfect shape. They had to create valid quality checks at each level at docking before the products were sent directly to the stores to reduce the lead time. RFID technology poses typical challenges for implementation. Although this technology creates huge amount of convenience but also poses a challenge to the privacy of data. The Data could be potentially misused and thus the company needed to create proper security checks so that the privacy of data can be maintained. Quality check at each level posed challenge as the product and service quality could not be compromised anywhere. This required resources and continuous monitoring. As the company was trying to keep the inventory level very low, they needed to forecast and plan the inventory effectively. Implementation of push system over pull system would reduce wastage but at the same time would need most efficient planning. Recommendations According to the research conducted by the paper above some recommendations that can be provided are as follows. It is difficult to retain consumers in a retain industry and in order to retain them, Tesco should be able to provide high quality services that meets customer expectation as per the brand image of Tesco. For this the company needs to arrange frequent training programs and make the employees aware of the importance of high quality service and product deliveries. They have to create benchmarks for the services and educate the employees regarding the benchmarks. Primary distribution reduces cost which is a potential key to success in the retail industry. In the highly competitive market where Tesco operates, it needs to combine availability of the products with the low price offers. For doing the same, the company has to be highly effective in managing the supply chain. Consumers are the king in any industry and whether the consumers will remain with the company or leave would depend completely on the availability of the products. So, the company should work on achieving two unified competitive advantages at the same time which are cost effective and timely deliveries. Tesco needs to ensure appropriate amount of stocks at each point of time for which they need to set timetables. But the company management has to make sure that they do not make unrealistic timetables. Suppliers for the company are of great importance and so the company needs to ensure that suppliers also get due emphasis and get realistic timelines for product deliveries. The Management also needs to ensure that team composition at each level is done appropriately. There has to be a proper combination of strategic human resource so that the TQM planning can be implemented effectively. Also the operations are to be staffed sufficiently to ensure no delays in the lead times of the products and in the delivery of the services. Final recommendation would be that in order to deliver the TQM properly, there has to be complete employee support. For that the importance of quality is to be conveyed and the top management should ensure that the flow of information and communication is smooth at the bottom most level also. References Chan, H. K., Lettice, F. Amoo, O., 2012. Decision making for supply chain integration. Springer. Chandra, P. V., 2013. A study on implementation of Total Quality Management in Business. International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative technology.2(3). Fernie, J. Sparks, L., 2012. Logistics and retail management.British library: London. Gharakani, D., Rahmati, H., Farrokhi, M.R. Farahmandian, A., 2013. Total Quality Management and Organisational performance. American Journal of Industrial Engineering.1(3). Pp 46-50. Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R. D. Hoskisson, R. E., 2013.Startegic Management: Competitiveness. Cengage learning. Jaca, C., Santos, J., Errasti, A. Viles, E., 2012. Lean Thinking with improvement teams in retail distribution. Total Quality management business Excellence. 23(3-4). John, B., 2004. The Essence of Total Quality management. Prentice hall: 2nd ed. Kaifi, B. A., Scott, M., 2012. Strategic leadership Applied to Retail Management: Joe Contrucci Discusses the 21st Century Dynamic Organization, Journal of Applied Management Entrepreneurship, 17(4). Laureani, A., 2012. Lean Six Sigma in the Service Industry, Advanced Topics in Applied Operations Management. Intech. Nicoletti, B., 2011. Lean and Diggitize sourcing. Journal of internet and information system.2(3).pp 35-42. Omacgonu, V. Ross, J., 2007. The principles of TQM. Sadikoglu, E. Olcay, H., 2014. The Effects of Total Quality Management Practices on Performance and the Reasons of and the Barriers to TQM Practices in Turkey. Advances in decision sciences. Sokovic, M., Pavletic, D. Pipan, K.K., 2010. Quality improvement Methodologies-PDCA Cycle, RADAR Matrix, DMAIC and DFSS. Journal of Achievements in Materials and manufacturing engineering. 43(1). Statista.com, 2016. Grocery Market Share in Great Britain 2015/16. [online]. Available at https://www.statista.com/statistics/279900/grocery-market-share-in-the-united-kingdom-uk/[Accessed 11 March 2016]. Tescoplc.com, 2014. Trading Responsibly. [online]. Available at https://www.tescoplc.com/assets/files/cms/Resources/Trading_Responsibly/Product_Safety.pdf[Accessed 11 March 2016]. Yuen, E. F. Chan, S. S., 2010. The effect of retail service quality and product quality on customer loyalty. Journal of Database of marketing customer strategy management. 17. Pp 222-240. Zairis, A. G., 2014. Consumer behaviour toward convenience store chains in Greece. Euromed Journal of Business. 9(2). Pp 175-197. Zhao, S., 2014. Analyzing and Evaluating Critically Tescos current operations management. Journal of Management and Sustainability. 4(4).
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Different Leadership Styles are Important in Nursing. Answer: Introduction: Healthcare in the modern generation has become highly dynamic in form due to its constantly changing nature depending upon the demands or the needs of the patients. The increased need to serve patients suffering from chronic situations especially of the old people had created excessive pressure on the nursing professionals. Serving increased number of geriatric patient is not the only duty of the nurses. They also need to follow healthcare nursing guidelines in each activities starting from medication errors to safe patient handling, delegation, multidisciplinary team work. All these make the nursing profession quite challenging (Lin et al., 2015). Moreover, evidence based care ensuring best service quality is yet another expectation that every healthcare organisation expects their nursing professionals to follow. Therefore, nurses may tend to feel lost, confused, stressed out, loss of vision, confusion with their job role, lack of skill and knowledge and many others. In order to hel p them to overcome such situations, nursing leaders have to take up the responsibility of guiding the nurses in ways by which they can successfully practice their skills and provide high quality care. However, a particular nursing leadership style cannot be applied in every situation, as that might not help to overcome the issues entirely. The assignment will mainly provide a rationale of this remark and will help to establish the point with various examples and scenarios. Transformational leadership style is presently considered to be the best leadership style in nursing. This form of leadership helps in encouraging the nursing professionals to provide their best at work. Thereby, it motivates them to be the positive while practising their skills instead of being negative. The leaders mainly do this by helping them to align to a particular mission and vision and helping to develop engaged and productive teams. This form of leaders set themselves as an example whom the subordinates can visualise and thereby develop traits to be like the leaders and provide best quality care to patients. Motivation is one of their best weapon to make the employees learn new techniques, give their valuable feedback and hence achieve their mission and vision successfully. Such form of leadership has a number of disadvantages and cannot be applied in all situations. They are seen to be highly applicable in situations when change managements are required (Tyczowski et al., 2015). For example, a healthcare organisation is trying to implement technological changes in the organisation so that development of work procedures take place and different kinds of error like medication error, documentation error and others may reduce. Therefore, this form of leadership is helpful, as it would motivate the employees to come out of their comfort zone and develop their skills to match with the new requirements. Therefore, transformational leadership would motivate subordinates for stabilising with change management. However, such form of leadership cannot always be helpful especially in cases where crisis arises. In crises, leaders need to take urgent decisions and have to develop interventions by which the crisis period would be handled effectively. Transformational leadership cannot help in these situations as motivation to make subordinates align with the mission and visions, asking them for feedback, developing passion and similar others would not help to suppo rt the crisis. Crises need immediate change in management style of the leaders and therefore in such situations situational leadership should be preferred (Foronda et al., 2014). A scenario can be considered where a sudden natural disaster had taken place for example an earthquake. Therefore, there had been huge number of deaths and injuries that human beings have suffered in some number of communities. A sudden rush of huge number of patients would take place in the healthcare facilities where the number of patients would be much higher in comparison to that of the inflow of the number of patients in other days. In such a situation, nursing leaders have huge responsibilities to develop teams, allocate them tasks, send certain teams for community relief, keep some teams for healthcare options, divide the individuals according to their skills and others. In such situations, transformational leadership traits are not suitable for all the activities that need to be conducted in such si tuations. In this situation, situational leadership is very much important. This leadership style is flexible and helps in transforming different aspects of regular healthcare practices according to the existing working requirements and meeting different needs for clinical setting (Frankel et al., 2018). The situational leaderships are seen to modify their skills and management styles according to the situational requirement of the situation. This form of leadership style is very simple to imply, as it only requires the leaders to analyse the present situation of the organisation. This helps them to imply the best strategies so that the organisation can successfully handle the crisis. This style of leadership helps the nurse leaders to take decisions and thereby modify management styles as per the needs of the situation. They are often seen to divert from their own long-term goals and strategies that were previously set by the healthcare organisation. This is again another drawback of this style of leadership (Morsiani, Bagnasco Saaso, 2017). Another type of leadership that is also important in the nursing healthcare is the democratic style of leadership. This style of leadership is very different from transformational as well as situational leadership as it provides important to the feelings and emotions of the employees rather than being too passionate about work or trying to meet the needs of crisis respectively. This can be explained with the help of an example. In many situations, the junior nurses who have joined the organisation recently or who are under placements or are working in the multidisciplinary teams go through different types of emotions. They feel confused, scared, misinformed, lack of knowledge and skill, lack of enthusiasm, burned out and many others due to variety of reasons. An effective leadership is extremely important that would not focus on development of passion and motivation like transformational leadership or not help to take interventions for crisis. In such situation, democratic leadership is required. Such kind of leadership is seen to help the healthcare practices in the organisation by enhancing the participation of the junior employees in the decision-making procedure of the organisation thereby making them feel empowered (Grossman Valiga, 2016). However, the decision making power always resides in the hands of the leaders. Still, the leaders try to make them feel included in the organisation by collecting information about their likes and dislikes, feedbacks as well as ideas from the different nursing members before they finalise anything for the organisation. This kind of leadership is found to be very effective mainly in situations when nurses burn out or develop any form of conflicts among themselves, with their seniors or when the feel burdened with work or devalued in the organisation. The leadership styles make them feel valued and when the individuals feel that their feedbacks and suggestions are cared, the nursing professionals try to dedicate themselve s and give their best to the organisations. Researchers are of the opinion that input of the employees of the organisations is one of the most significant aspects that needs to be attended for not only the growth of the organisation but also to make the organisation a healthy competent place for providing the best care (Wong, 2015). However, there are also certain disadvantages that are associated with this leadership style. Getting feedback from all the employees and to provide enough time to make them feel included become difficult to be maintained a very busy healthcare ward. They tend to focus more on the development of harmony among the team members and helping them to feel included in the organisation allowing them to participate in different decision-making procedures. This form of leadership style may again tend to be a failure in many other situations like in periods of crisis or in times of change management and many others. Therefore, one solution can be suggested in a situation that would help to overcome the dilemma of the leadership style that a nursing leader should practice in any situations. Different individuals can adopt aesthetical leadership style that is not an antithetical to other forms of leadership. This form of leadership is mainly seen to be directed by the strong sense of ethics as well as morality. This leadership style allows individuals to adapt to any form of leadership by mainly being directed by the strong sense of ethics as well as morality. This form of leadership is mainly focused on the building of the positive work environment in the healthcare organisation. The ways that a nurse leaders; actions remain based on their moral compass and values are seen to influence those around them and thereby develop and enhance the working environment. The nursing leaders with aesthetic leadership has to practice component of the pattern of knowing in nursing that is associated with imitat ive learning style and the acquisition of the knowledge by successful accumulation of irrationalised experiences (Merril, 2015). Nursing leaders should be using their own experiences and can develop traits of different forms of leaderships to value empowerment, communication and considerations of the subordinates. Therefore depending upon different situations, leaders would develop the versatility of being dynamic in nature that increases job satisfaction, nurse safety performance, innovative behaviour, quality care and many others. Conclusion: From the above discussion, it becomes clear that different situations arise where different attributes of various leadership styles are required. Therefore, in order to be effective nursing leaders, individuals should have the versatility to be dynamic. They should be able to modify their styles regarding the requirements to tackle situations effectively. The leaders of the future generation have to be sure that they are aware of all the leadership traits of the different leadership styles. They have to be highly flexible in their approach so that with the various needs of the healthcare situations, the traits can be altered to meet the demands and necessities of the situation and lead the nursing professionals effectively References: Foronda, C., Budhathoki, C., Salani, D. (2014). Use of multiuser, high-fidelity virtual simulation to teach leadership styles to nursing students.Nurse educator,39(5), 209-211. Frankel, A., PGCMS, R. (2018). What leadership styles should senior nurses develop?.Risk,10, 03. Grossman, S. and Valiga, T.M., 2016.The new leadership challenge: Creating the future of nursing. FA Davis. Lin, P.Y., MacLennan, S., Hunt, N. and Cox, T., 2015. The influences of nursing transformational leadership style on the quality of nurses working lives in Taiwan: a cross-sectional quantitative study.BMC nursing,14(1), p.33. Merrill, K. C. (2015). Leadership style and patient safety: implications for nurse managers.Journal of Nursing Administration,45(6), 319-324. Morsiani, G., Bagnasco, A., Sasso, L. (2017). How staff nurses perceive the impact of nurse managers leadership style in terms of job satisfaction: a mixed method study.Journal of nursing management,25(2), 119-128. Tyczkowski, B., Vandenhouten, C., Reilly, J., Bansal, G., Kubsch, S.M. and Jakkola, R., 2015. Emotional intelligence (EI) and nursing leadership styles among nurse managers.Nursing administration quarterly,39(2), pp.172-180. Wong, C.A., 2015. Connecting nursing leadership and patient outcomes: state of the science.Journal of nursing management,23(3), pp.275-278.